Polish Chickens

The polish is one of the most beautiful of ornamental chicken breeds. The most distinctive feature of the breed is large crest of feathers on the head that resembles a chrysanthemum flower in shape.  

Birds that meet the standard of perfection will have a crest that completely covers the comb. This crest derives from a large bony protrusion on the top of the breeds head that is found only in crested breeds such as the Polish, Crevecouer, and Houdan chickens. 

Polish Chicken Skull (A) Compared with Typical Chicken Skull (B)

Polish come in a very wide variety of colors and some sport contrasting crest and body plumage that makes them particularly striking. The APA recognizes the following varieties:

  • Black crested white
  • White crested black
  • White crested blue
  • Golden
  • Silver
  • White 
  • Buff Laced
In the U.S., the breed is generally called the "Polish" but in in Europe it is more generally called a "Poland" and has historically also been referred to as "Pol," and "Polled." 

While the breed is quite old, it's origins are unclear and there is actually no hard evidence to suggest that it comes from Poland or anywhere else in Eastern Europe. In middle Dutch, a Germanic language spoken during the middle ages, the word "Pol" means head and this seems like the most reasonable origin of the breed's name.

While beautiful, the crest of feathers has practical consequences for those considering adding the breed to their flocks.  The crest limits the birds ability to see. As a result, Polish chickens are more vulnerable to attack from predators and can also be injured by other chickens who have an advantage over them during squabbles.  

Owners interested in showing their birds in competitions should limit outdoor play time to days when there's no rain in the forecast.

Breed Type:           Egg Layer
Laying Amount:    Fair
Egg Color:              White
Mature Hen Wt:    4.5 lbs
Appearance:          Ornamental Breed
Climate:                  Heat Tolerant
Temperament:      Docile
Broodiness:            Not Broody


  1. What is the color of their eggs? And what about the eggs size?

  2. Medium-to-large sized white eggs. Check out our new smartphone apps that include detailed breed information iPhone version at the iTunes store -- http://goo.gl/dZnCS5 and the Android version at the Google Play store -- http://goo.gl/kbdUSQ

  3. My Polish frizzle hen seems to be loosing her feathers on her wings and tail. Only the long shaft is left with very few feathers on it. She just turned a year old on May 9 and her egg laying seems normal. As far as I can tell my 3 other hens (all Orpingtons) don't seems to be pecking at her. Any suggestions?

    1. Given the season, I don't believe this is molting. Here's a link to an article that may help you diagnose the exact problem: http://www.chickenvet.co.uk/health-and-common-diseases/feather-loss/index.aspx

  4. Very informative post for those people that have cocks :).


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