Poultry Nipples And Water Pressure In Chicken Waterers
Background on Water Pressure & Commercial Poultry Watering Systems
Commercial poultry watering systems generally draw water from the municipal water supply. Since municipal water is delivered under high pressure, commercial watering systems incorporate water pressure regulators to reduce the water pressure to a level that allows the poultry nipples used in these commercial systems to operate effectively.
Specifically, the water pressure needs to be reduced to under 1 PSI (Pounds per Square Inch of pressure) for the poultry nipples to operate effectively -- a major reduction in water pressure from the typical water pressure of 20-100 PSI that is delivered by municipal water pipes.
Watering Devices For Small-Scale Poultry Owners
Poultry nipple watering systems such as the BriteTap chicken nipple waterer provide an inexpensive alternative to commercial poultry watering systems because they eliminate the pressure regulator. Rather than drawing water from the municipal water supply pipe that is under high pressure, water is drawn from a water supply tank.
The water pressure in a tank system depends on water level in the tank. The higher the water is filled, the greater the pressure. It is possible to know the water pressure in your poultry watering system by simply measuring the height of the water column. For example, if the water is filled to 12 inches above the poultry nipples, then the water pressure created by this depth of water is 0.43 PSI, well below the 1 PSI maximum for poultry nipples.
Using the same method, it's easy to determine the water level that would create 1 PSI - the maximum pressure for which poultry nipples are rated. This turns out to be 28 column inches of water.
Below is a table that shows the water pressure level at various water column heights.
Posting sponsored by ChickenWaterer.com, makers of the BriteTap automatic poultry waterer. The BriteTap waterer shields water from dirt and poop. The water stays clean and there are no messy pans for you to wash out.